The survey of 130 countries, called the U.S.-Global Leadership Track, describes itself as the largest global public opinion study of views about U.S. leadership. The Pew Research Center does a smaller survey, which recorded similar results last June.
Results come from interviews with approximately 1,000 adults, ages 15 and older. Gallup said it is 95 percent confident that the margin of sampling error ranges from plus or minus 1.7 percentage points to plus or minus 4.8 percentage points.
Obama and Kerry “may even find audiences increasingly critical, even in key partner countries,” the group’s report said. “Europe led the declines between 2011 and 2012, with losses in approval largely outnumbering any gains.”
Median approval of U.S. leadership in Europe is down 11 points since Obama’s first year in office, to 36 percent. That’s still about twice the rating for U.S. leadership at the close of the Bush administration, whose decision to invade Iraq soured traditional alliances across Europe.
In Libya, where the Obama administration supported the revolution that overthrew Moammar Gadhafi in 2011, 54 percent approved of U.S. leadership in 2012. The survey in Libya was done before the fatal attack last September on a U.S. diplomatic outpost in Benghazi.