Liberals crying "kill the bill" came dangerously close to derailing landmark health-care reform for which they had been fighting since the Progressive "Bull Moose" Party Convention of 1912. Obama rightly complained in response that too many of his supporters were letting "the perfect be the enemy of the good."
Now we're about to see such imperfection under assault again. While Obama won strong Democratic backing for the so- called fiscal-cliff deal in both the Senate and the House, a chorus of liberal critics rose up to condemn his compromises.
They were particularly incensed that he agreed to raise the threshold on income subject to a higher tax rate from his oft- stated preference of $250,000 per family to $450,000 per family. Some news stories reported that Obama broke a campaign promise by abandoning the $250,000 level.
A few liberals even complained that Obama violated his principles by compromising. They must not have listened to him all year. One of his most important — and most frequently stated — principles is that compromise is essential to governing.
Having said that "not everybody gets a hundred percent of what they want" from negotiations, Obama surely would have doomed these and future negotiations by clinging to every jot and tittle of his opening offer.
Perhaps Republicans, too, have now been forced to take the plunge into pragmatism. One achievement of the fiscal-cliff deal was that it violated the "Hastert Rule," named for former House Speaker Dennis Hastert, that required "a majority of the majority" Republican caucus to proceed on legislation. Instead, Republicans split on the vote and the bill passed with Democratic support.
Just as Republicans must learn to live with tax increases, Democrats must learn to live with — and vote for — changes in entitlements. They should keep in mind that reforms such as a chained consumer price index, which alters the inflation calculation applied to Social Security, and means testing the benefits of wealthy retirees, do not threaten the social safety net.