The Daily Item, Sunbury, PA


March 1, 2013

Looming federal spending cuts will hit hospitals where it hurts

By Tony Pugh

McClatchy Newspapers

WASHINGTON — Hospitals across the country will face significant job losses, service reductions and other belt-tightening measures when President Barack Obama signs the order Friday implementing a series of automatic budget cuts.

The sweeping cuts, known as sequestration, would slash $85 billion by cutting jobs and government programs, ranging from Head Start to defense. It also would impose a 2 percent reduction in Medicare payments to hospitals, doctors and insurers, beginning in April.

More than 4,200 hospitals that are among the largest employers in their communities would lose nearly $3 billion under the Medicare cuts this year, according to an analysis by iVantage Health Analytics, a Maine health care research firm.

That could trigger the loss of 73,000 hospital jobs nationwide and tip the operating margins of nearly 100 hospitals from positive to negative, the company estimates.

Hospitals projected to flip from operating in the black to the red include notable institutions like Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, which faces an estimated $9 million cut in Medicare payments; Yale-New Haven Hospital in Connecticut, which could lose an estimated $6.4 million; Loma Linda University Medical Center in, Loma Linda, Calif., which stands to lose nearly $4 million in Medicare payments; and the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix, which is looking at an estimated $2.4 million loss.

Even though most hospitals are designated as “not-for-profit,” it’s important that their revenue match or exceed their costs in order to remain financially viable. Personnel is where many hospitals will begin paring costs to offset the cuts, because wages and salaries account for about 60 percent of a typical hospital’s budget.

“The sad part about it is that when you have hospitals switching from profits to losses, you know that the impact is going to be job-based,” said John Morrow, executive vice president at iVantage. “Because you just can’t operate in the red. It’s not a sustainable business model.”

In addition to large urban hospitals with thousands of employees, smaller rural hospitals will also feel the pain. According to the data, 63 rural hospitals could become unprofitable because of sequestration, compared to just 36 urban hospitals.

Rural hospitals are usually more dependent on Medicare for revenue than urban facilities. They also have tighter operating margins because they serve fewer patients, many of whom are either uninsured and cannot pay, or are enrolled in Medicaid, which has low reimbursement rates.

The 110-bed Caldwell Memorial Hospital in rural Lenoir, N.C., expects to lose $1 million in Medicare payments because of the mandatory budget cuts. Various provisions of the 2010 health care overhaul law, known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a drop in federal support for indigent care and other funding declines will chop another $3 million in federal support from Caldwell’s budget this year.

“I’ve had one year in the last three or four that have had a positive operating margin, so these cuts from ACA and now sequestration, they run deep,” said Caldwell CEO Laura Easton.

Morrow said the analysis, which was made available to McClatchy on request, focused on general, acute care community hospitals and was based on each hospital’s most recent Medicare Cost Report filed with the federal government.

The findings exclude hospitals that don’t participate in the Medicare program, those that aren’t accessible by the general public and certain specialty health care facilities, including psychiatric, veterans, rehabilitation and children’s hospitals.

Salem Hospital in Salem, Ore., will lose about $3.5 million in Medicare payments and another $3.5 million in payments from Medicare Advantage plans, the private insurers that provide Medicare benefits. The $7 million hit will only deepen the hospital’s 23 percent annual losses on care to Medicare seniors, said Aaron Crane, chief finance and strategy officer at Salem Health, which runs the hospital. The losses are because of Medicare’s low payment rates.

Crane said job cuts are definitely in play, but he’ll also look at eliminating some medical services that are unprofitable.

That’s not unusual, said Richard Pollack, executive vice president of the American Hospital Association. Hospitals with lean profit margins may choose to downgrade their level of trauma care or eliminate historically unprofitable departments, like neonatal care and burn units, he said.

“It’s different for every hospital,” Pollack said. “Some will reduce staff. Others may require longer waits for care. Others will defer purchases of new technology. Some will have to delay capital improvements. Every hospital will have a different situation.”

Text Only
  • With 1 week to go, Sanford subject of attacks

    CHARLESTON, S.C. — Former South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford can’t seem to escape attacks on the extramarital affair that derailed his political career, which he hopes to revive in a special congressional election that is now a week away.

    May 1, 2013

  • Bombing shifts Mass. Senate race before primaries

    BOSTON — Even before the explosions, polling suggested that Massachusetts voters weren’t excited about the looming special election to replace former U.S. Sen. John Kerry.

    April 28, 2013

  • In a first, black voter turnout rate passes whites

    WASHINGTON — America’s blacks voted at a higher rate than other minority groups in 2012 and by most measures surpassed the white turnout for the first time, reflecting a deeply polarized presidential election in which blacks strongly supported Barack Obama while many whites stayed home.

    April 28, 2013

  • Senate Democrats put off vote on Labor nominee

    WASHINGTON — Senate Democrats have delayed a confirmation vote on Labor Secretary-nominee Thomas Perez after Republicans threatened to use a separate hearing to criticize his handling of a whistleblower case.

    April 24, 2013

  • Sen. Baucus' decision to retire sets stage for majorlegislative changes

     Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont., one of the most influential congressional figures of his era, announced his intention Tuesday to retire, a move that could produce sweeping changes in the political and legislative landscape over the next two years.

    April 24, 2013

  • Senate friendship born of tragedy beat partisanship

    These days, most dispatches from Washington focus on petty partisanship, posturing, impasses and a political culture that rewards confrontation.

    April 22, 2013

  • Rubio rising

    If Marco Rubio helps pass comprehensive immigration reform, he will have accomplished more as a senator than Barack Obama did.

    April 22, 2013

  • Gun Bill's Failure May Help Immigration Legislation

    WASHINGTON — Here's an odd political reality: The collapse of the gun bill in the Senate last week may well make the passage of immigration reform legislation slightly easier.

    April 21, 2013

  • Senate Planning Vote on Internet Sales Tax

    WASHINGTON — The days of tax-free online shopping could finally be numbered.

    April 21, 2013

  • Advocates of Immigration Reform Fight Back Against Push for Delay

    WASHINGTON — The Senate's leading supporters of overhauling the nation's immigration system sought Sunday to blunt a conservative effort to slow the pace of debate over their bill, saying the Boston Marathon bombings are a reason to move quickly to make changes.

    April 21, 2013

Featured Ads
Politics Video