The Daily Item, Sunbury, PA


December 14, 2010

Leg pain may signal heart trouble

SELINSGROVE — When most of us think about heart health and warning signs of heart trouble, we usually focus on symptoms involving the chest, not the legs.

However, chronic leg pain may signal peripheral artery disease, a condition that shares a common cause with heart disease: hardening of the arteries.

Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, is the primary cause of peripheral artery disease, or PAD. As we age, fatty deposits of excess cholesterol and calcium — also known as plaque — build up in the arteries. Over time, these fatty deposits accumulate, narrowing the blood vessel. Blockages develop, or the arteries stiffen, making blood flow difficult. This can happen not only to the arteries close to the heart, but also, in other locations of the body. When arteries in the leg become blocked, they cannot deliver sufficient blood and oxygen to the body’s extremities.

This causes the legs to ache or feel numb.

PAD increases the risk for heart attack, stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA, also known as a “ministroke”).

If left untreated, PAD can sometimes lead to severe infection or gangrene, the deterioration of leg tissue; and possible amputation of a leg or foot.

Common symptoms

Peripheral artery disease affects 8 to 12 million people in the United States — one in 20 Americans over age 50, and one in three people over age 70. Risk factors include advanced age (most cases are diagnosed after age 50); obesity; high blood pressure or high cholesterol; and a family history of PAD, heart disease or stroke.

People who smoke or are diabetic have an increased risk because these two conditions reduce blood flow.

The most common symptoms of PAD are cramping, pain or fatigue in the hip, thigh or calf areas when walking or climbing stairs. Pain occurs because working muscles require increased blood flow. When you stop moving and are at rest, the pain may go away — then return when you become active again. Your legs may also feel numb or unusually cold. In more advanced stages of PAD, leg pain may not go way, even when resting, and it may occur Leg pain may signal heart trouble at night, causing disruption in sleep.

Other symptoms may include: sores that do not heal; shiny skin, or skin on that legs that is a different color; slow hair growth, or hair loss, on the legs and feet; slower toenail growth.

Don’t assume that leg pain and cramping are normal aches and pains associated with aging.

Discuss any unusual symptoms with your doctor. PAD can be simply and painlessly diagnosed through a physical exam, blood tests or ultrasound. Your doctor may also use a common diagnostic test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI), which compares the blood pressure in

your ankle with the blood pressure in your wrist using a blood pressure cuff and ultrasound imaging.

Detected early, PAD can be treated with lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, quitting smoking, and regular exercise (at least 30 minutes a day, three times a week).

The disease can also be managed through medication (to control blood pressure, lower cholesterol or reduce blood clotting) or surgery, such as angioplasty to widen the blood vessel, or bypass surgery. Since PAD is an early marker for heart disease, it’s important that your doctor check for

that, as well.

Your doctor may refer you to a vascular specialist for further treatment. Treatment goals aim to alleviate pain so that you can stay active, and to minimize future risk of a heart attack or stroke.

— Henry Yavorek, MD., is a general, vascular and laparoscopic surgeon in Selinsgrove. He can be reached at 374-9339. Learn more at Click on “Health Resources,” and type “peripheral vascular disease” into the search box. You will also find a link under “Related Items” for a “peripheral vascular disease animation.”


Text Only
  • wrosenella Valley experts differ on ideas for job creation

    SUNBURY — When President Barack Obama gives his jobs speech Thursday night before Congress and a nation facing a 9.1 unemployment rate, he should act to lower the minimum wage and taxes, target government investments wisely, spend on long-lasting projects, or cut spending, reduce regulations and trim the size of Washington, Valley experts suggested.

    September 4, 2011 1 Photo

  • diabetes31.jpg Carbs under control

    Parents with a child who has Type 1 diabetes sometimes find it difficult to let go of the important responsibility to constantly check insulin levels. Just ask Doreen Giordani, of Sunbury.

    January 11, 2011 1 Photo

  • After the pounds come off

    Bariatric surgery offers those who are 100-plus-pounds overweight a viable option for reclaiming their lives, a physician at Geisinger Medical Center noted.

    January 11, 2011

  • Accreditation awarded to hospital

    Sunbury Community Hospital has earned The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval for accreditation by demonstrating compliance with The Joint Commission’s national standards for health care and safety in hospitals.

    January 11, 2011

  • djanet3a.jpg 16 years old and still growing

    The more things change the more they stay the same. That's what Dr. Michael Ryan, director of pediatrics at Janet Weis Children's Hospital, in Danville, said, as he discussed the 16 year anniversary of the facility.

    January 4, 2011 2 Photos

  • tech30 Americans turn to technology to control impulses

    NEW YORK — Dan Nainan can't trust himself to work at his computer without clicking on distractions, so he uses an Internet-blocking program to shut down his Web access twice a day. "I'm sorry, but try as I might, I could never, ever do this on my own," said the New York City comedian who's struggling to finish a book. "I wish I could, but I just don't have the discipline."

    December 29, 2010 1 Photo

  • home29 Some babyproofing basics for the new year

    Babies and toddlers are curious creatures. Something captures their attention — a stuffed animal, a shiny object or a noisy rattle — and they're going after it. Just make sure they aren't chasing a teddy bear on top of a dresser, the blade of a knife or a pill bottle.

    December 29, 2010 1 Photo

  • santa22 Texts, Web really do allow Santa to be everywhere

    PHILADELPHIA — He sees you when you're sleeping, he knows when you're awake, and he knows how many followers you have on Twitter.

    December 22, 2010 1 Photo

  • santa20 In tough economy, Santas are suffering

    ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. — Craig McTavish — a.k.a. Santa — has the beard. He has the belly. He even has a few tricks up his sleeve, like pulling up to parties on his Harley-Davidson in full Kris Kringle garb. But there's one thing he doesn't have: work.

    December 20, 2010 1 Photo

  • helmets14.jpg Soften the impact

    The cold weather and snow are here, which means winter recreation enthusiasts should be armed with ways to protect themselves from traumatic head and brain injuries that are typical for the season.

    December 14, 2010 1 Photo

The Daily Marquee
Lifestyles Video
  • August 17, 2010


Click HERE to read all your Parade favorites including Hollywood Wire, Celebrity interviews and photo galleries, Food recipes and cooking tips, Games and lots more.
Hyperlocal Search
Premier Guide
Find a business

Walking Fingers
Maps, Menus, Store hours, Coupons, and more...
Premier Guide