Nicholas Katzenbach, 90. Helped develop civil-rights policy under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson and forced Gov. George Wallace to admit black students into the University of Alabama. Died May 8.
Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi, 60. Former Libyan intelligence officer convicted of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing 270 people. Died May 20 of prostate cancer.
Yitzhak Shamir, 96. Member of the Jewish underground in his 20s became Israeli prime minister in the 1980s. Died June 30.
Elinor Ostrom, 78. Only woman to win the Nobel Prize in economics. Died June 12 in Bloomington, Ind., of pancreatic cancer.
Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, late 70s. Saudi Arabia's crown prince served as interior minister since 1975. Died June 16.
Rodney King, 47. Black motorist whose videotaped beating by Los Angeles policemen, followed by their acquittal by a jury that had no black members, sparked 1992 race riot. Died June 17 by drowning in his swimming pool.
Omar Suleiman, 76. Former intelligence chief in Egypt who in 2011 was hastily appointed vice president in the final days of President Hosni Mubarak's reign. Died July 19.
John Atta Mills, 68. President of Ghana since 2008 who presided over the fastest-growing economy in Africa. Died July 24.
Sally Ride, 61. First U.S. woman in space, aboard the shuttle Challenger in June 1983. Died July 23 of pancreatic cancer.
Meles Zenawi, 57. Ethiopia's prime minister since 1995 boosted economic growth and worked with the West on security issues while imprisoning journalists and political opponents. Died Aug. 20.
Neil Armstrong, 82. Astronaut landed on the moon July 20, 1969, saying, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Died Aug. 25 of complications following heart surgery.
Sun Myung Moon, 92. Korean-born founder of the Unification Church built a religious movement and a global business empire. Died Sept. 3 from complications of pneumonia.
Tadahiro Matsushita, 73. Japan's minister of financial services whose crackdown on insider trading led to the resignations of executives at Nomura Holdings, the nation's biggest brokerage. Died Sept. 10 of suicide.