WILLIAMSPORT — Make room on the shelf for another book about Pennsylvania history. "Sunday Grit: A Newspaper Legacy" is the fourth volume in a limited edition, commemorative series about historic Pennsylvania newspapers by Robin Van Auken. Richly illustrated, the new 136-page book published by Ogden features nearly 200 images, many never seen before.

Van Auken traveled to Grit headquarters in Topeka, Kan., and acquired hundreds of historic photographs and memorabilia that were saved when the Pennsylvania newspaper was sold to Ogden Publications Inc. Although Grit still exists, the glossy magazine targets a rural audience. Grit publisher Bryan Welch returned the photographs to Williamsport for the Sun-Gazette to curate and incorporate into its current collection.

Readers of "Sunday Grit" will enjoy the dozens of newly discovered photographs that form a virtual tour of the company and its employees during the early 1900s, as well as local news stories, advertisements and interesting features.

For more than 100 years, the weekly newspaper delivered news, features, fiction, coupons, and comics to families across the nation. The newspaper's origins were as a Saturday edition of the Daily Sun and Banner published in 1882 in Williamsport. It was a short-lived venture, however, and in less than two years, Dietrick Lamade bought the enterprise. A typical Horatio Alger-type, he sought and found opportunity in the creation of one of the miracles of modern publishing.

Lamade was born in Goelshausen, Germany, one of nine children of Johannes and Caroline Lamade. His family moved to Williamsport where, on Jan. 1, 1869, Johannes Lamade died from typhoid fever. The day after his funeral, his widow bore their ninth child. At the age of 10, Deitrick Lamade, along with his older brothers and sister, quit school to support the family and worked as an errand boy for several years. At the age of 13, Lamade began working in the office of Beobachter, a local German-language publication. He earned $3 per week.

In 1882, Lamade went to work for the Daily Sun and Banner as its advertising compositor and assistant composing room foreman. There, he typeset the first head for Grit. Two years later, he left the Sun and Banner to help revive The Times, a weekly publication that was scheduled to become a daily. Its owner, however, lacked the money to continue.

Now 25 and unemployed, Lamade had a wife and two children to support. He later recalled this as the first time he envisioned the opportunity of his life. Lamade gambled, and with two partners and a combined investment bought the name Grit from the Sun and Banner to use for his new publication.

The first year of Grit was one of adversity and uncertainty. The newspaper owed more than it was worth and seven business partners came and went. Lamade did not lose faith. He knew that he would have to improve the newspaper's circulation, then about 4,000, if the paper were to survive.

Lamade interested new subscribers with contests and drawings. He traveled throughout Northcentral Pennsylvania, using a lottery to stimulate statewide circulation. He convinced storeowners and news agents to carry the publication, and his tireless efforts more than doubled circulation. His dedication saved the newspaper. By 1886, Grit boasted a weekly circulation of 14,000, and all of its bills were paid in cash. With a $400 surplus, Lamade and his partners shook hands, patted themselves on their backs and gave themselves raises from $12 to $15 a week.

Grit moved into its new home at the corner of William and West Third streets in 1891. Circulation averaged 53,000 copies weekly in most states east of the Mississippi. Lamade began using direct mail and hired newsboys throughout the country to sell the paper. By the start of the 20th century, circulation reached 100,000, and then tripled by 1916. By the late 1970s, its circulation was more than 1.2 million.

Grit thrived on Lamade's concept of "good news" and by appealing to small-town American traditions. He once said: "Wherever possible, suggest peace and good will toward men. Give our readers courage and strength for their daily tasks. Put happy thoughts, cheer and contentment into their hearts. By such a course we can do much to improve the minds and lives of the millions of people who read 'Grit' every week, and bring them a higher realization of their duties in life."

Growing from three employees (himself included) to more than 250 in its Williamsport office, plus hundreds of correspondents and thousands of delivery boys and girls nationwide, Lamade's newspaper never reduced wages and never missed a pay day for any of its employees, even during its infancy and the Great Depression.

"Sometimes we had to borrow the money back again from the men to operate the business," Dietrick once said, "but we never really missed a pay day. Grit did not simply grow of its own accord. No one works for Grit. We all work with Grit."

Grit gained its popularity by appealing to small-town Americans. It remained under the management of the Lamade family for most of its run. Lamade died on Oct. 9, 1938, at the age of 79, and his descendents remain prominent today in Williamsport.

His son, George R. Lamade, then general manager of Grit, became its president. Another son, Howard J. Lamade, served as vice president and secretary. Four grandsons also were in the business.

Grit became a tabloid Jan. 2, 1944, and color made its first appearance in the Family Section on July 21, 1963.

Production costs spiraled, and circulation dwindled. In 1990, the Lamade family sold Grit to Stauffer Communications in Kansas. The publication's format changed to become a monthly magazine. Then, in 1994, Morris Publishing purchased it. In 1996, it became a holding of Ogden Publications.

Grit is a national magazine distributed every other month to about 100,000 customers. It continues to appeal to its largely small-town readers with positive, human-interest stories. Readers continue to submit its features, which include articles about gardening, hobbies and crafts, inspirations, unsung heroes, unique retirement pastimes, travel and pets.

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